10 Facts about the Walls of Jerusalem

 

1

2

The Walls of Jerusalem surround the area of the old city of Jerusalem. The walls were built between the years 1535–1538, during the reign of the Ottoman empire in the region of Palestine, by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.

The length of the wall is 4,018 km (2,496.6 mi), their average height is 12 meters (39.37 feet) and the average thickness of walls is 2.5 meters (8.2 feet). The walls also contain 34 watchtowers and 8 gates.

The Tower of David

The Tower of David www.JerusalemShots.com

 

3 In 1981, The Jerusalem walls were added, along with the Old City of Jerusalem, to the UNESCO World Heritage Site List.

 

4

According to the Jewish tradition, as it is expressed in the Tanakh, Jerusalem remained a Jebusite city until the rise of David, whom conquered the city and established the "City of David" in the site of the Jebusite city. Later on King David extended the walls, which were located on a low hill, outside of the walls of outside of today’s Old City area. Solomon, David’s son, built the first temple in the city and also extended the city walls in order to protect the temple.

Walls of Jerusalem

Walls of Jerusalem www.JerusalemShots.com

 

5

The city of Jerusalem has been surrounded by walls for its defense since ancient times. In the middle Bronze Age, a period also known as the Patriarchs period, a city named Jebos was built in the location of today’s Jerusalem, which was relatively small (50,000 square meters) but was fortified. Remains from this wall are located above the Hezekiah’s Tunnel

6

During the First Temple period and until the destruction of the First Temple, the city walls extended towards the northwest part of the city, the area where today the Jewish quarter of the city is located.

7

After the Fall of Jerusalem, the walls were destructed and were later partially restored during the Aelia Capitolina period, after afterword extensively by the Empress Aelia Eudocia. In 1033, most of the walls constructed by Empress Eudocia were destroyed by an earthquake.

8

During the Crusader conquest in 1099, the wall was rebuilt but destroyed again during the conquest of Saladin. Saladin’s nephew, Almllach Almatma Issa, ordered the reconstruction of the city walls, but later on changed his mind after most of the watchtowers were built, mainly because he feared that the city walls would mainly assist the Crusaders if the manage to reconquere the city.

9

In 16th century, during the reign of the Ottoman empire in the region, the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent decided to fully rebuild the city walls on the remains of the ancient walls. The construction lasted from 1535-1538 and these walls are the walls that exist today.

10

During the Six Day War in 1967, which saw hand to hand fighting on the Temple Mount, the Old City and the city walls transferred to Israeli control.

 

Note: This is the first in a series of articles about Jerusalem sites. Visitors are invited to contribute and share their personal experience, memories and impressions related to Jerusalem. Please send your stories to the blog ‘Comments’

E-H Dictionary

English How pronounced Hebrew
Article Ma’amar

מאמר

Wall / Walls Kir / Kirot

קיר / קירות

Period T’kufah

תקופה

Area Ezor

איזור

Emperor / Empress Keisar / Keisarit

קיסר / קיסרית

Construction

B’niyah

בנייה

Temple

Mikdash

מיקדש

Extension Harkhavah

הרחבה

Tunnel Minharah

מינהרה

 

 

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Series of articles about Jerusalem sites

No. 1: No. 1 in series the Walls of Jerusalem

2 Responses to 10 Facts about the Walls of Jerusalem

  1. Tilly Boesche-Zacharow says:

    Ani holeched ha drachim ba olam
    awal säh kaschäh – meot kaschäh
    ani lo jodaat e-i-f-o ani gara ani lo mewina ha schem schelli ani zricha esra ten li bewakascha esra
    e-i-f-o melech ha olam
    schelli
    ani ba –
    ani ohäwet otcha
    ben schelli
    ani ihma schellcha
    oh – e-i-se scheckett…

    After the last journey with my son to Israel. Now he is dead.With the some Hebrew words I try to write a poem for him.
    Tilly Boesche-Zacharow, this time Berlin, Germany

  2. Twitter Opium Mar - Otto Zutz says:

    Wonderful paintings! That is the kind of information that are supposed to be shared around the web. Disgrace on Google for not positioning this put up upper! Come on over and visit my site . Thank you =)

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