Shalom friends, every year on the 28th of Iyar, we celebrate Jerusalem Day.
Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and one of the oldest cities in the world. Jerusalem is Holy to the 3 major religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
On June 7, 1967, IDF paratroopers advanced through the Old City toward the Temple Mount and the Western Wall, bringing Jerusalem’s Holiest site under Jewish control for the first time in 2000 years. Today 763,800 people live in Jerusalem.
On May 12 1968 the Israeli Government, decided to make the 28th of Iyar Jerusalem Day – a day that symbolizes the continued historical connection of the Jewish People to Jerusalem. 30 years later, this Holiday was anchored in the law: In 1998 the Knesset passed the “Jerusalem Day Law”.
Today we will take a journey through some of the most known Jerusalem neighborhoods.
1. The first neighborhood is also the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem : Mishkenot Sha’ananim. This beautiful neighborhood was built in 1860, by Sir Moses Montefiore.
The name, Mishkenot Sha’ananim, is derived from the Old Testament:
“וְיָשַׁב עַמִּי, בִּנְוֵה שָׁלוֹם; וּבְמִשְׁכְּנוֹת, מִבְטַחִים, וּבִמְנוּחֹת, שַׁאֲנַנּוֹת.”
“My people will abide in peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings and in quiet resting places.”
2. Gilo is located in South East Jerusalem with a population of over 45,000 . It is one of the five ring neighborhoods of Jerusalem. Gilo is also the highest point in Jerusalem: 882 meters above sea level.
Gilo is situated beyond the 1949 Green Line, on land occupied since the Six Day War, the United Nations refer to it as an illegal settlement.
3. Beit Hakerem- Beit Ha’kerem, literally means the house of the vineyard, was founded in 1924. It is located in the western part of the city as one of the six garden neighborhoods.Beit Ha’kerem is a well developed and well maintained greenery neighborhood. Beit Hakerem’s location is very convenient: near Shaarei Tzedek Hospital, the Givat Ram campus of the Hebrew University, Mount Herzl and the Jerusalem Forest.
4. German Colony: The German Colony,Ha’ Moshava Ha’ Germanit, was one of several settlements known as “German Colonies” built in Israel by members of the Christian Templar Society in the second half of the 19th century. The Colony was declared a historical site in 1975. The German Colony is located in southern Jerusalem and expands from both sides of Emek Refaim Street. Emek Refaim is first mentioned in 2 Samuel 5:18-
” וּפְלִשְׁתִּים, בָּאוּ; וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ, בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים.”
” Now the Philistines had come and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.”
Today Emek Refaim is one of the most popular streets in Jerusalem.
5. Mea She’arim- Mea She’arim, meaning 100 gates, is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Jerusalem and it’s populated by Haredi Jews.
The origin of the name comes from the Book of Genesis 26:12-
” וַיִּזְרַע יִצְחָק בָּאָרֶץ הַהִוא, וַיִּמְצָא בַּשָּׁנָה הַהִוא מֵאָה שְׁעָרִים; וַיְבָרְכֵהוּ, יְהוָה.”
” And Isaac sowed in that land, and found in the same year a hundredfold; and the LORD blessed him.”
The neighborhood was established in 1874 as the second settlement outside the walls of the Old City.
Are you familiar with more neighborhoods in Jerusalem?
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Main phrases of the Post, Transcription & Translation:
Jerusalem Day -Yom Yerushalayim – יוֹם יְרוּשָׁלַיִם
Old City – Ha’Ir Ha’Atikah – הָעִיר הָעַתִּיקָה
Israel’s Parliament – Knesset – כְּנֶסֶת