There is much confusion regarding the number 13. Why is it considered to be a good number in some places and a bad number in others?
According to Jewish tradition, the number 13 is a very significant one and considered to be a blessed number.
When a Jewish boy comes of age at 13 years old he has become a Bar Mitzvah and he is obligated to observe the commandments.
He is also recognized as having the same rights and responsibilities as an adult. A Jewish girl, celebrates her Bat Mitzvah when she turns 12.
The Maimonides states that the number 13 represents the number of principles of Jewish faith .
In addition, the foundations of Judaism are based on the original 13 Tribes of Israel: the 11 sons of Jacob and the 2 sons of Joseph.
According to the Talmud , the core of the Selichot prayers is the 13 Attributes of Mercy that G-d taught Moses .
However, in many places the number 13 is considered to be an unlucky number. There are many theories regarding it and one of the common one is that 13 is the number of people who were present at the Last Supper, alone with Jesus. Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus, was the 13th member to arrive.
According to another tradition, the final act of suppression of the Knights Templar occurred on Friday, October 13, 1307 so perhaps this is the origin of the scary “Friday the 13th”…
Main phrases of the Post, Transcription & Translation:
Judaism – Yhadot – יַהֲדוּת
Thirteen – Shlosh Esre – שְׁלוֹשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה
Friday – Yom Shishi – יוֹם שִׁשִּׁי
Faith – Emuna -אֱמוּנָה
Luck – Mazal – מַזָּל