” The land of Israel was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious and national identity was formed. Here they achieved independence and created a culture of national and universal significance. Here they wrote and gave the Bible to the world”…
” בארץ-ישראל קם העם היהודי, בה עוצבה דמותו הרוחנית, הדתית והמדינית, בה חי חיי קוממיות
ממלכתית, בה יצר נכסי תרבות לאומיים וכלל-אנושיים והוריש לעולם כולו את ספר הספרים הנצחי.
(Declaration of Israel’s Independence, Tel Aviv, May 14, 1948)
Shalom friends, on April 26, the Jews in Israel will be celebrating Yom Ha’atzmaut. In honor of Israel’s 64th birthday, here are a few interesting facts about this beautiful country… Enjoy!
1. On 14 May 1948, 5 Iyar 5708, David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and Israel’s first Prime Minister, declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, known as the State of Israel. At the same year, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) was established.
2. Israel is located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, Egypt and the Gaza Strip on the southwest, and the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea to the south, and it’s the only democracy in the Middle East.
3. Hatikvah, which means the hope, is the national anthem of the state of Israel. Hatikvah has been written by Naphtali Herz Imber, a secular Jew from Ukraine.
The lyrics reflect the 2000 years hope of the Jewish people to return to the promised land- the Land Of Israel.
4. Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and one of the oldest cities in the world. Jerusalem is Holy to the 3 major religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
On June 7, 1967, IDF paratroopers advanced through the Old City toward the Temple Mount and the Western Wall, bringing Jerusalem’s Holiest site under Jewish control for the first time in 2000 years.
Today there are 763,800 people living in Jerusalem.
5. In 1969, Golda Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel. She became Israel’s first elected female leader and the world’s second elected female leader in modern times.
6. Although Israel is a very small country, when it comes to Nobel Prize winners, it has an impressive showing: 10 winners in its 64 year History. In 1966, Shai Agnon was the first Israeli to win a Nobel Prize in Literature.
7. Only in Israel, you can find the lowest place on earth: The Dead Sea. Its surface and shores are 423 meters below sea level. The Dead Sea was created by the great Syrian-African geological rift almost 1.64 million years ago.
8. The flag of Israel was chosen in 1948, only 5 months after the state was established. The flag includes two blue stripes on white background with a Shield of David in the center. The chosen colors blue & white symbolize trust and honesty.
9. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics ,today 7,859,300 people live in Israel, of whom 5,916,200 are Jewish.
Happy Independence day – Yom Atzmaut Sameach – יום עצמאות שמח !
Main phrases of the Post, Transcription & Translation:
Independence Day- Yom Ha’atzmaut – יוֹם הָעַצְמָאוּת
Happy Birthday – Yom Huledet Same’ach – יום הולדת שמח
Hope- Tikvah- תִּקְוָה
Dead Sea – Yam Hamelach – יַם הַמֶּלַח
Jerusalem- Yerushalayim – יְרוּשָׁלַיִם
Flag – Degel – דֶּגֶל